Ionic Liquids-Designer Solvents for Green Chemistry
Prof. Sadhana Vishwakarma, Technocrats Institute of Technology, Bhopal, India.
Manuscript received on August 06, 2014. | Manuscript Received on August 12, 2014. | Manuscript published on August 20, 2014. | PP: 1-4 | Volume-1 Issue-1, August 2014.
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© The Authors. Published by Lattice Science Publication (LSP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Ionic liquids, as green solvents have been studied widely now a days due to their appealing properties such as negligible vapour pressure, large liquid range, high thermal stability, high ionic conductivity, large electrochemical window, and ability to solvate compounds of widely varying polarity. Utilizing ionic liquids is one of the goals of green chemistry because they create a cleaner and more sustainable chemistry and are receiving increasing interest as environmental friendly solvents for many synthetic and catalytic processes. Ionic liquids have been investigated for a wide range of synthetic applications, they have fascinated considerable interest for used as non-volatile solvent based electrolytes in the field of organic synthesis, catalysis, electrochemistry, solar cells, fuel cells, etc., as they possess many benefits than volatile organic solvents.
Keywords: Green chemistry, applications, classification, ionic liquids, properties.